Mr. Jeffrey Klingmann
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Mail Stop L-537
7000 East Avenue
Livermore, California 94550
Phone: (925) 423-8328
Fax: (925) 423-2419
The following best practices were documented at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory:
Automated and Intelligent Systems
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has developed a telerobotic system which increases flexibility and autonomous capabilities, reduces programming time, and offers a 3-D shape recognition system. With its unique alliance of robotics and the stereo 3-D surface imaging, the telerobotic system allows the robot to perform random- part recognition, controlled-force compliance, and real-time path planning.
Electromagnetic Modeling and Measurements
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has developed an EIGER frequency-domain modeling technique and a Distributed Surface Integral-TIGER time-domain modeling technique. When performed on a massively parallel, high-speed computer, these techniques will describe currents on 2-D and 3-D objects; impedances; S-parameters; fields at general observation points; far-field patterns and radar cross-sections; and interface to commercial computer aided design for mesh generation.
Electronic Technologies for Precision Manufacturing
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has been developing and building advanced computer control systems for various applications since the early 1980s. The Laboratory is currently leading a joint effort to develop a next- generation controller for manufacturing that offers more flexibility and maintainability. The project focuses on looking at the total manufacturing system.
Laser Cutting and Machining
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is developing an exclusive technology for high precision cutting which uses extremely short pulse lasers (pulse width <200 femtoseconds). This technology consistently produces kerf widths as small as 20 micrometers through metals one-millimeter thick.
Sensors and Sensor Systems
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, in collaboration with industry, academia and other government agencies, has demonstrated several high-quality affordable sensor systems which address the Nation’s needs and requirements. By combining its scientific, engineering and manufacturing capabilities with a full system mentality, the Laboratory has designed and deployed various remote sensing systems and unattended monitoring systems.
Vapor Phase Manufacturing
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s Laser Directorate is developing and transferring electron-beam manufacturing technology to industry and government. This technology enables complex metal alloy shapes to be fabricated by depositing vaporized metal onto a mold or mandrel, which is later separated from the alloy part. In parallel with this effort, the Laboratory is developing a real-time, laser-based control system to measure and control the alloy composition during vapor deposition of the part.
Accelerator Mass Spectrometry
At Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry develops and operates accelerator-based isotopic abundance measurements using accelerator mass spectrometry and spatially-defined elemental distributions using an ion microprobe, for a wide range of applications. The Center has applied these techniques in biodosimetry; atmospheric and geoscience mechanisms; paleoclimatology; non-proliferation; and materials science.
Nondestructive and Mechanical Evaluation
Nondestructive evaluation is becoming an increasingly more important element of the design and manufacturing processes. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has applied various technologies to unique inspection situations such as evaluating heart valves; automobile brakes and gears; mines buried in sand; and plastic explosives.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory uses microelectronics technology for such applications as field emission flat panel displays, microelectro-magnetic devices, and electronic packaging. In each case, the Laboratory relies on its expertise in materials science; thin film process development; application knowledge; and 3-D surface lithography capabilities to contribute to the success of the project.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has been developing improved passive alignment techniques. With its optoelectronic capabilities, the Laboratory pursues low-cost, high-precision passive coupling of optical fibers to optoelectronic devices, the automation of the fiber pigtailing process, and the computer aided design of optoelectronic devices to reduce fabrication development costs.
Precision Systems and Precision Manufacturing Technology
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is a developer of precision systems comprising precision machines and precision manufacturing processes. The ability to develop a material removal process, as well as to design and build the machinery that embodies a process, has led to significant contributions to the state of technology in single point diamond turning and in the grinding of brittle materials.
As a world expert in laser recrystallization and doping of silicon for semiconductor devices, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s Advanced Process Development Group has been developing and demonstrating technologies which may replace ion implantation for 0.18-micrometer and below generations of integrated circuits. Those Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory programs with the greatest potential for quantum-leap impacts in the semiconductor industry include gas immersion laser doping; poly-silicon electronics on plastic; micron thin crystalline silicon electronics; and two-dimensional ion implant and heat flow modeling.
Zephyr Paperless Procurement System
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has developed a paperless procurement system called Zephyr which improves procurement processing time by 90%. In addition, the Zephyr system’s web server maintains security through full-access and restricted-access entrances.
Chemical and Electrochemical Processes
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s Fabrication Processes Group specializes in chemical and electrochemical processes such as the development, testing, and application of coating processes, metal finishing, and material processing. In addition, the Group has expertise in transferring laboratory-developed technologies into a production environment.
The Microtechnology Center, a multidisciplinary engineering and science center, partners with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory programs and external customers to solve problems by using state-of-the-art microelectronics technology. By inventing and applying new microtechnologies, the Center enables its partners and customers to achieve their goals in global security, biosciences, and global ecology.
The following information items were documented at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory:
Decision Sciences and Systems Research
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory uses its expertise in Decision Sciences and Systems Research to solve or prevent a customer’s problem. The Laboratory’s expertise includes reliability, availability, and maintainability; decision analysis; probability; statistics; simulation; optimization; economic modeling; and database design.
Multilayer technology allows engineers to design materials at the atomic level. Multilayers, a new class of matter, are fabricated in layers atom-by-atom ranging in scale from atomic to microscopic.
Product and Process Design Modeling
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has more than two decades of experience in code development, design, and analysis of finite element software for powerful simulation capabilities. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory-developed simulations, available to external users, include manufacturing, structural mechanics, biomechanics, heat transfer, and fluid mechanics.
Technical Data Exchange
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is identifying and applying information technologies likely to dominate in the electronic commerce, the National Information Infrastructure, and the Global Information Infrastructure arenas. Two pilot projects, currently underway, involve the sharing and security of data over the Internet.
Electronic Manufacturing Group
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s Electronic Manufacturing Group provides manufacturing expertise and support that features high-quality products and quick response to programmatic needs. In addition to addressing electronic safety and health issues, the Group provides the core technology required for classified and programmatic requests.
Technologies Enabling Agile Manufacturing
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is a participating member of the Department of Energy-funded facilities team to develop a technology toolbox. To evaluate an agile enterprise with deployment through commercial partners, private industry will use the Technologies Enabling Agile Manufacturing toolbox in three demonstrations of material removal, forming, and electromechanical assembly.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s Vacuum Process Group features experienced personnel, state-of-the-art facilities, and coating equipment and capabilities. The Group specializes in applying coatings to a variety of parts by using physical vapor deposition methods and can deposit vacuum-compatible materials onto substrates in thicknesses ranging from angstroms to hundreds of microns.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory provides accessibility of some of its facilities to industry and academic institutions that need access to sophisticated fabrication, calibration, and testing equipment. Users have the opportunity to conduct hands-on research and development activities for producing a product prototype or for developing or evaluating a novel technology or process.
Advanced Telecommunications for Manufacturing
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is taking aggressive action to define and develop very high bandwidth capabilities for meeting its future network needs. This action will support Department of Energy’s Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative and promote further advancement by applying emerging communication and networking technologies.