accreditation. The process by which a NSS and ITS is evaluated for
meeting security requirements to maintain the security of both the information
and the information systems. A designated accreditation authority (DAA) is named
for each system. Co-DAAs will accredit NSS and ITS in certain cases involving
interoperability or integration of multiple systems.
(ACAT) . Categories established to
facilitate decentralized decision making as well as execution and compliance
with statutorily imposed requirements. The categories determine the level of
review, decision authority, and applicable procedures. DOD 5000.2-R, part 1,
provides the specific definition for each acquisition category (ACAT I through
ACAT I . A major defense acquisition program (MDAP) subject to
Defense Acquisition Board oversight and estimated by the USD (AT&L) to
require an eventual total expenditure of more than $355 million in RDT&E
funds, or $2.135 billion in procurement funds measured in FY 1996 constant
ACAT IA . A major automated information system (MAIS)
acquisition program that is estimated to require program costs in any single
year in excess of $30 million, total program costs in excess of $120 million, or
total life-cycle costs in excess of $360 million (FY 1996 constant
ACAT IAC . A major automated information system acquisition
program for which the DOD chief information officer (CIO) has delegated
milestone decision authority (MDA) to the component acquisition executive (CAE)
or component CIO. The "C" (in ACAT IAC) refers to component.
ACAT IAM . A major automated information system (MAIS)
acquisition program for which the MDA is the DOD CIO.
ACAT IC . A major defense acquisition program subject for which
the MDA is the DOD component head, or if delegated, the DOD component
acquisition executive (CAE). The "C" refers to component.
ACAT ID . MDAP for which the MDA is USD (AT&L). The "D"
refers to the Defense Acquisition Board (DAB), which advises the USD(AT&L)
at major decision points.
comments . Administrative comments to
correct what appear to be typographical or grammatical errors.
The structure, relationships, principles, and guidelines that governs component
design and evolution.
Systems (AISs) . An assembly of
computer hardware, software, firmware, or any combination of these, configured
to accomplish specific information-handling operations, such as communication,
computation, dissemination, processing, and storage of information. In INFOSEC,
any equipment or interconnected system or subsystems of equipment that is used
in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement,
control, display, switching, interchange, transmission or reception of data and
includes computer software, firmware, and hardware. Included are computers, word
processing systems, networks, or other electronic information handling systems,
and associated equipment.
certification. All NSS and ITS must be certified as interoperable
with other NSS and ITS with which they have a requirement to exchange
information. This certification process consists of three forms of capability
confirmation -- first, one that addresses system interoperability requirements;
second, one that addresses supportability; and third, one that addresses total
life-cycle oversight of warfighter interoperability requirements. Figure 1
illustrates the two J-6 certifications and one validation discussed
(1) J-6 Interoperability Requirements Certification.
This certification occurs prior to each acquisition milestone (0, I, II, III).
The J-6 certifies MNSs, CRDs, and ORDs, regardless of ACAT level, for
conformance with joint NSS and ITS policy and doctrine and interoperability
standards. As part of the review process, J-6 requests assessments from the
Services, DISA, and DOD agencies.
(2) J-6 Supportability Certification. The J-6
certifies to ASD (C3I) that C4ISPs, regardless of ACAT, adequately address NSS
and ITS infrastructure requirements, the availability of bandwidth and spectrum
support, funding, personnel, and identify dependencies and interface
requirements between systems. As part of the review process, J-6 requests
supportability assessments from DISA and DOD agencies. J-6 conducts a
supportability certification for C4ISPs prior to milestone I, II, and III for
submission to ASD (C3I) as part of the C4ISP review process.
(3) J-6 Interoperability System Validation. The J-6
validation is intended to provide total life-cycle oversight of warfighter
interoperability requirements. The J-6 validates that the interoperability KPP
derived from the set of top-level information exchange requirements (IERs)
approved in the CRD (if applicable), ORD, and C4ISP was adequately tested during
the DISA (JITC) interoperability test certification.
Plans . The purpose of the C4ISP is to
provide a window into a specific system development program through which can be
seen any shortfalls in the intelligence support, NSS and ITS required for each
phase of the system's life cycle.
Document (CRD ). A document that
contains capabilities-based requirements that facilitates the development of
individual ORDs by providing a common framework and operational concept to guide
their development. It is an oversight tool for overarching requirements for a
system-of-systems or family-of-systems.
interface . Any interface that passes
information between one or more US NSS and ITS and one or more coalition partner
NSS and ITS.
interface . Any interface that passes
information between one or more US NSS and ITS and one or more allied NSS and
resources . Components physically part
of, dedicated to, or essential in real time to mission performance; used for
weapon system specialized training, simulation, diagnostic test and maintenance
or calibration; or used for research and development of weapon
comments . Critical comments will cause
nonconcurrence in a document if comments are not satisfactorily
Infrastructure . The DII is the web of
communications networks, computers, software, databases, applications, weapon
system interfaces, data, security services, and other services that meet the
information processing and transport needs of DOD users across the range of
military operations. It encompasses:
(1) Sustaining base, tactical, NSS, and ITS.
(2) Physical facilities used to collect, distribute, store, process, and display
voice, data, and imagery.
(3) Applications and data engineering tools, methods, and processes to build and
maintain the software that allow command and control (C2), intelligence,
surveillance, reconnaissance, and mission support users to access and
manipulate, organize, and digest proliferating quantities of
(4) Standards and protocols that facilitate interconnection and interoperation
(5) People and assets, which provide the integrating design, management and
operation of the DII, develop the applications and services, construct the
facilities, and train others in DII capabilities and use.
compatibility (EMC) . The ability of
systems, equipment, and devices that use the electromagnetic spectrum to operate
in their intended operational environments without suffering unacceptable
degradation or causing unintentional degradation because of electromagnetic
radiation response. It evolves the application of sound electromagnetic spectrum
management; system, equipment, and device design configuration that ensures
interference-free operation; and clear concepts and doctrines that maximize
environmental effects (E3) . E3 is the
impact of the electromagnetic environment upon the operational capability of
military forces, equipment, systems, and platforms. It encompasses all
electromagnetic disciplines, including compatibility, interference;
vulnerability, pulse; protection; hazards of radiation to personnel, ordnance,
and volatile materials; and natural phenomena effects, of lightning and
family-of-systems. A set or arrangement of independent systems that can
be arranged or interconnected in various ways to provide different capabilities.
The mix of systems can be tailored to provide desired capabilities dependent on
global information grid
(GIG) . The globally interconnected,
end-to-end set of information capabilities associated processes and personnel
for collecting, processing, storing, disseminating, and managing information on
demand to warfighters, policy makers, and support personnel. The GIG includes
all owned and leased communications and computing systems and services, software
(including applications), data, security services and other associated services
necessary to achieve information superiority. It also includes National Security
Systems as defined in section 5142 of the Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996. The GIG
supports all Department of Defense, National Security Systems, and related
Intelligence Community missions and functions (strategic, operational, tactical
and business), in war and in peace. The GIG provides capabilities from all
operating locations (bases, posts, camps, stations, facilities, mobile platforms
and deployed sites). The GIG provides interfaces to coalition, allied, and
non-DOD users and systems.
(IA) . Information operations that
protect and defend information and information systems by ensuring their
availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and
requirements . Information exchange requirements (IERs) characterize the information exchanges to be performed by the proposed family-of-systems (FoS), system-of-systems (SoS), or system. For CRDs, top-level IERs are defined as those information exchanges that are between systems that make up the FoS or SoS, as well as those that are external to the FoS or SoS (i.e., with other C/S/A, allied, and coalition systems). For ORDs, top-level IERS are defined as those information exchanges that are external to the system (i.e., with other C/S/A, allied and coalition systems). IERs identify who exchanges what information with whom, why the information is necessary, and how the information exchange must occur. Top-level IERs
identify warfighter information used in support of a particular mission-related
task and exchanged between at least two operational systems supporting a joint
or combined mission. The quality (i.e., frequency, timeliness, security) and
quantity (i.e., volume, speed, and type of information such as data, voice, and
video) are attributes of the information exchange included in the information
system (ITS) . Any equipment or
interconnected system or subsystem of equipment, that is used in the automatic
acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display,
switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information.
Information technology includes computers, ancillary equipment, software,
firmware, and similar procedures, services (including support services), and
related resources. Information technology does not include any equipment that is
acquired by a Federal contractor incidental to a Federal contract.
certification . Confirmation by DIA of
the availability, suitability, and sufficiency of intelligence to support a
system or program. Intelligence certification also provides: (1) an assessment
of the impact of a system or program on joint intelligence strategy, policy,
architectural planning, and needs of the warfighter and (2) an evaluation of
open systems architectures, interoperability, and compatibility for intelligence
handling and intelligence-related information systems. This certification will
occur as a prerequisite for the system acquisition process and at each
interim authority to
operate (IATO) . Authority to field new
systems or capabilities for a limited time, with a limited number of platforms
to support developmental efforts, demonstrations, exercises, or operational use.
The decision to grant an IATO will be made by the MCEB Interoperability Policy
and Test Panel based on the sponsoring component's initial laboratory test
results and the assessed impact, if any, on the operational networks to be
interoperability. (1) The ability of systems, units, or forces to
provide services to and accept services from other systems, units, or forces and
to use the services so exchanged to enable them to operate effectively together,
and (2) The condition achieved among communications-electronics systems or items
of communications-electronics equipment when information or services can be
exchanged directly and satisfactorily between them or their users. The degree of
interoperability should be defined when referring to specific cases. For the
purposes of this instruction, the degree of interoperability will be determined
by the accomplishment of the proposed IER fields.
Joint C4ISR Architecture
Planning/Analysis System (JCAPS) .
DOD-approved static architecture tool for manipulating and conducting analysis
of operational and systems architectures.
interface . A NSS and ITS interface
that passes or is used to pass information between systems and equipment
operated by two or more combatant commands, Services, or agencies
Architecture . The DOD joint technical
architecture (JTA) provides DOD systems with the basis for the needed seamless
interoperability. The JTA defines the service areas, interfaces, and standards
(JTA elements) applicable to all DOD systems, and its adoption is mandated for
the management, development, and acquisition of new or improved systems
throughout DOD. The JTA is structured into service areas based on the DOD
technical reference model (TRM). The DOD TRM was developed to show which
interfaces and content needed to be identified. The two main parts of the JTA
are the core and annexes. The JTA core contains the minimum set of JTA elements
applicable to all DOD systems to support interoperability.
interest . Programs identified by the
JROC Secretary as being of interest to the JROC for oversight even though they
do not meet the ACAT I cost thresholds or have been designated as ACAT
parameters (KPPs) . Those capabilities
or characteristics considered essential for successful mission accomplishment.
Failure to meet an ORD KPP threshold can be cause for the concept or system
selection to be reevaluated or the program to be reassessed or terminated.
Failure to meet a CRD KPP threshold can be cause for the family-of-systems or
system-of-systems concept to be reassessed or the contributions of the
individual systems to be reassessed. KPPs are validated by the JROC. ORD KPPs
are included in the acquisition program baseline.
authority . The individual designated
in accordance with criteria established by the USD (AT&L), or by the ASD
(C3I) for AIS acquisition programs, to approve entry of an acquisition program
into the next phase.
Major decision points that separate the phases of an acquisition
need . A deficiency in current
capabilities or an opportunity to provide new capabilities (or enhance existing
capabilities) through the use of new technologies. They are expressed in broad
operational terms by the DOD components.
mission need statement
(MNS) . A formatted non-system-specific
statement containing operational capability needs and written in broad
operational terms. It describes required operational capabilities and
constraints to be studied during the concept exploration and definition
National Security Systems
(NSS) . Telecommunications and
information systems operated by the Department of Defense -- the functions,
operation, or use of which (1) involves intelligence activities; (2) involves
cryptologic activities related to national security; (3) involves the command
and control of military forces; (4) involves equipment that is an integral part
of a weapon or weapons systems; or (5) is critical to the direct fulfillment of
military or intelligence missions. Subsection (5) in the preceding sentence does
not include procurement of automatic data processing equipment or services to be
used for routine administrative and business applications (including payroll,
finance, logistics, and personnel management applications).
simulation (NETWARS) . The standard DOD
approved communications simulation tool. CINCs, Services and agencies use
NETWARS for all communications modeling purposes.
document (ORD) . A formatted
statement-containing performance and related operational parameters for the
proposed concept or system. Prepared by the user or user's representative at
each milestone beginning with milestone I.
DOD component or operational command that initiates a MNS. The originator may or
may not be the sponsor.
interface . The methods and procedures
employed to establish an interconnection within and between systems or equipment
and to transfer information within or between systems or equipment.
The need of an operational user, initially expressed in broad operational
capability terms in the format of a MNS. It progressively evolves to
system-specific performance requirements in the ORD.
seamless NSS and ITS
environment . An electronic environment
that allows data to be accessed by the warfighter without regard to physical or
Service deployment plans
and fielding plans . Plans that
describe the evolution from current capabilities to the full operational
capability for new or modified NSS and ITS. Included are fielding schedules,
plans, locations, and associated time-phased interoperability capabilities and
requirements with current and planned systems of other DOD components or
certification . The process by which
development or procurement of communication-electronics systems, including all
systems employing satellite techniques, will be reviewed and certified for
system compliance with spectrum management policy, allocations, regulations, and
technical standards to ensure that radio frequency spectrum is available.
Additionally, the predicted degree of electromagnetic compatibility between the
proposed system and other spectrum-dependent systems; and the possible need for
and evaluation of the results of prototype electromagnetic compatibility testing
will be determined.
management . Planning, coordinating,
and managing joint use of the electromagnetic spectrum through operational,
engineering, and administrative procedures, with the objective of enabling
electronic systems to perform their functions in the intended environment
without causing or suffering unacceptable interference.
approach . A statement(s), which
demonstrates a commitment to use DOD, approved standards. For example, "The
system must comply with applicable information technology standards contained in
the DOD Joint Technical Architecture (JTA) current version."
standards. Standards as referenced in this instruction are
information technology system (ITS) standards. ITS standards include software
and hardware standards for intelligence collection, data and information
processing, information transfer, and information presentation/ dissemination.
ITS standards provide technical definitions for information system processes,
procedures, practices, operations, services, interfaces, connectivity,
interoperability, information formats, information content, interchange, and
transmission or transfer. ITS standards apply during the development, testing,
fielding, enhancement, and life-cycle maintenance of DOD information systems.
ITS standards include trade association standards (e.g., IEEE standards),
non-government national or international standards, Federal standards, military
standards, and multinational treaty organization standardization agreements.
They may take numerous forms including standards, handbooks, manuals,
specifications, commercial item descriptions, and standardized drawings, all
referred to collectively here as standards.
comment . Substantive comments are
provided because sections in the document appear to be or are potentially
unnecessary, incorrect, incomplete, misleading, confusing, or inconsistent with