In a defense budget on the order of $257 billion for FY
1998, spending on C4I is widely quoted as approximately $40 billion,19 but this figure does not represent an official DOD budget category. The DOD budget category for intelligence and communications is approximately $30.4 billion. But association of this particular figure or any other figure with spending on C4I must come with several caveats and cautions. Among them are the following:
- C4I programs are scattered throughout the 11 primary
DOD budget categories.20 For example, the account for strategic forces includes some funding for C4I systems intended for command and control of the strategic forces. However, these systems can be used to provide connectivity to the general-purpose forces as well. (A good example is Milstar-- originally a communications satellite for strategic use, it is now used for non-nuclear purposes as well.)
- C4I programs per se are distinct from C4I systems embedded within weapons systems. For example, neither the radar for an F-22 fighter nor the radar for a Patriot air defense system would be counted as C4I programs, though they are clearly C4I systems.
- C4I programs include systems for intelligence work, much of which is "black" and thus not known publicly.
- Programs for surveillance and reconnaissance are not always included in an accounting of C4I systems.
One public estimate of the
amount of "electronic content" in the overall defense budget provided by the
Electronic Industries Alliance is approximately $51.5 billion in FY 1998, a
figure that includes acquisition as well as operations and maintenance.21 This figure covers all possible categories of C4I systems, including those for surveillance and reconnaissance.
These data are provided to give the reader a sense of scale of C4I within the defense budget. But it should be noted from the outset that because the committee does not seek to provide detailed programmatic guidance, the analysis, findings, and recommendations of this report are essentially independent of the numbers discussed above.