||Chem Excellence: Foundations for Excellence in the Chemical Process Industries
14.2 Handle, Store, and Transport Chemical Materials
Tasks conducted by PTOs related to this critical job function include:
- Receive materials and products from ships, trucks, railroads, and other carriers.
- Complete the proper paperwork associated with receiving materials.
- Unload, or arrange for someone to unload, materials and products from ships, trucks, railroads, and other carriers.
- Transfer, or arrange to transfer, materials to storage or processing units.
- Properly label all materials.
- Ensure that materials meet specifications by measuring specified properties.
- Maintain material inventories.
- Maintain storage facilities.
- Inspect storage drums, barrels, and containers and clean, use, or dispose of them as appropriate.
- Clean and decontaminate storage drums, barrels, and containers.
- Inspect the tank farm and verify the identity and quantity of the contents of each container.
- Transfer materials from processes or units to containers; in the case of continuous processes, assure that the transfer is according to specifications of the plant and customers.
- Verify and prepare shipping papers, or supply the data to the appropriate shipping clerk.
- Load materials onto ships, trucks, railroads, or other transportation vehicles.
- Handle all materials using safety, environmental, and health guidelines as outlined in the SOP* or MSDS.**
- Clean up or arrange for clean-up of all spills.
- Respond to all emergencies.
*SOP = Standard Operating Procedure
** MSDS = Material Safely Data Sheet
Technical Performance-based Skill Standards
For this critical job function, entry-level PTOs are expected to:
- Cite (or be able to locate applicable) regulations of DOT, Coast Guard, marine terminal, and all other pertinent agencies and organizations.
- Complete paperwork and reporting procedures for major regulatory agencies.
- Identify the safety and work requirements that are unique to specific industry areas and employers and be familiar with some of the differences.
- Use proper handling techniques for transferring materials from vessels, tanks, barrels, and other storage devices, and identify the proper personal protective equipment to be used for transfer operations.
- Describe unique features of marine terminal procedures for general operations and handling chemicals.
- Describe the physical properties of materials and effects of temperature and pressure on the transferability and storage of gas, liquid, and solid materials.
- Describe the chemical properties of materials and effects of exposure to air and water that impact the transferability and storage of gas, liquid, and solid materials.
- Describe the loading and unloading techniques appropriate for trucks, railroad cars, and other carriers.
- Describe the transfer techniques for handling materials at marine terminals.
- Identify the types, correct use, and proper labeling of all types of containers used in chemical plants and refineries.
- Describe how tank storage works, and the relationship of vapor pressure of the stored materials to safety and structural integrity of the tanks.
- Demonstrate standard container-labeling procedures.
- Write an SOP describing an unloading and loading procedure for different types of materials for at least two different modes of transportation.
- Describe cleaning and decontamination procedures for drums, barrels, and containers used with at least three different kinds of materials (excluding nuclear materials).
- Describe the applicable federal and state regulations associated with shipping materials.
- Measure selected physical properties such as vapor pressure, particle size distribution, color, pH, etc., according to ASTM or other pertinent standards.