b. Top Down Capabilities Identification Methodology. As joint concepts and integrated architectures are developed, a capabilities identification methodology will emerge that flows from top-level strategic guidance. Based on this guidance, the Joint Operations Concepts (JOpsC) will portray the linkage between how the joint force operates today and the vision for the future. Supporting Joint Operating Concepts (JOC) (e.g., homeland security) and Joint Functional Concepts (JFC) (e.g., focused logistics) provide the foundation from which integrated architectures will be developed and refined. As they are developed, the integrated architectures will provide the construct for analysis to identify capability and supportability shortfalls, compare alternatives for improving joint warfighting capabilities, and associated resource implications. Future revisions to this instruction and the companion manual will fully incorporate the use of joint concepts and integrated architectures in the JCIDS process. The flow of guidance from one level to the next is shown in Figure A-1. A brief discussion of the methodology is provided below.
(1) Functional Area Analysis (FAA). Details of the FAA are provided in
reference c . It identifies the operational tasks, conditions, and standards needed to achieve military objectives. It uses the national strategies, JOCs, JFCs, integrated architectures and the Universal Joint Task List (UJTL) as input. Its output is the tasks to be reviewed in the follow-on functional needs analysis. The FAA includes cross-capability analysis and cross-system analysis in identifying the operational tasks, conditions and standards.
(2) Functional Needs Analysis (FNA)
(a) FNA is described in reference c . It assesses the ability of the current and programmed joint capabilities to accomplish the tasks that the FAA identified under the full range of operating conditions and to the designated standards. Using the tasks identified in the FAA as primary input, the FNA produces as output a list of capability gaps or shortcomings that require solutions and indicates the time frame in which those solutions are needed. It may also identify redundancies in capabilities that reflect inefficiencies. The FNA must include supportability as an inherent part of defining capability needs.
(b) JFCs define capabilities by functional domain, describing common
attributes desired of subordinate systems, FoS, SoS, and nonmateriel
solutions. Integrated architectures are useful tools to describe complex
relationships and linkages to portray the synergy provided by multiple
DOTMLPF solutions within the joint force and to identify gaps before new
systems are developed.
(3) Functional Solution Analysis (FSA).
FSA is described in reference c. It is an
operationally based assessment of all potential DOTMLPF approaches to solving
(or mitigating) one or more of the capability gaps (needs) previously
identified. On the basis of the capability needs, potential solutions are
identified, including (in order of priority) integrated DOTMLPF changes that
leverage existing materiel capabilities; product improvements to existing
materiel or facilities; adoption of interagency or foreign materiel solutions;
and finally, initiation of new materiel programs. Identified capability needs
or redundancies (excess to the need) establish the basis for developing
materiel approaches in ICD and/or DOTMLPF approaches through reference g.