e. Defining Capabilities. In a capabilities-based approach, it is important to establish a common understanding of how a capability is conceived and how it is expressed. The top down capabilities identification methodology provides a method to identify gaps in warfighting capabilities and assess associated risk(s). In describing capabilities to resolve identified gaps, the following guidelines are instructive:
(1) Capability definitions must contain the following elements: key
attributes with appropriate measures of effectiveness, supportability, time,
distance, effect (including scale) and obstacles to be overcome.
(2) Capability definitions should be general enough so as not to
prejudice decisions in favor of a particular means of implementation, but
specific enough to evaluate alternative approaches to implement the