Acquisition Category (ACAT) - Categories established to facilitate decentralized decision-making and execution, and compliance with statutorily imposed requirements. The categories determine the level of review, decision authority and applicable procedures. Reference e provides the specific definition for each acquisition category.
Acquisition Program Baseline (APB) - Each program's APB is developed and updated by the program manager and will govern the activity by prescribing the cost, schedule and performance constraints in the phase succeeding the milestone for which it was developed.
Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) - A demonstration of the military utility of a significant new capability and an assessment to clearly establish operational utility and system integrity.
Analysis of Alternatives (AoA) - The evaluation of the operational effectiveness, operational_suitability and estimated costs of alternative systems to meet a mission capability. The analysis assesses the advantages and disadvantages of alternatives being considered to satisfy capabilities, including the sensitivity of each alternative to possible changes in key assumptions or variables.
approval - The formal or official sanction of the identified capability described in the capability documentation. Approval also certifies that the documentation has been subject to the uniform process established by the DOD 5000 series.
architecture - The structure of components, their relationships and the principles and guidelines governing their design and evolution over time.
attribute - A testable or measurable characteristic that describes an aspect of a system or capability.
Automated Information System (AIS) - An acquisition program that acquires information technology (IT), except IT that involves equipment that is an integral part of a weapon system or weapons system; or is a tactical communication system.
capability - The ability to execute a specified course of action. It is defined by an operational user and expressed in broad operational terms in the format of an initial capabilities document or a DOTMLPF change recommendation. In the case of material proposals, the definition will progressively evolve to DOTMLPF performance attributes identified in the CDD and the CPD.
Capability Development Document (CDD) - A document that captures the information necessary to develop a proposed program(s), normally using an evolutionary acquisition strategy. The CDD outlines an affordable increment of militarily useful, logistically supportable and technically mature capability.
capability gaps - Those synergistic resources (DOTMLPF) that are unavailable but potentially attainable to the operational user for effective task execution.
Capability Production Document (CPD) - A document that addresses the production elements specific to a single increment of an acquisition program.
Capstone Requirements Document (CRD) - A document that contains capabilities-based requirements that facilitates the development of CDDs and CPDs by providing a common framework and operational concept to guide their development.
certification - A statement of adequacy provided by a responsible agency for a specific area of concern in support of the validation process.
a. critical - A critical comment indicates nonconcurrence in the document, for both the 0-6 and flag review, until the comment is satisfactorily resolved.
b. substantive - A substantive comment is provided because a section in the document appears to be or is potentially unnecessary, incorrect, misleading, confusing or inconsistent with other sections.
c. administrative - An administrative comment corrects what appears to be a typographical, format or grammatical error.
DOD Component - The DOD Components consist of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Military Departments, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the combatant commands, the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense, the Defense Agencies, DOD Field Activities and all other organizational entities within the Department of Defense.
DOD 5000 series - DOD 5000
series refers collectively to DODD 5000.1 and DODI 5000.2, references d and e , respectively.
embedded instrumentation - Data collection and processing capabilities, integrated into the design of a system for one or more of the following uses:
diagnostics, prognostics, testing or training.
environmental quality - The condition of the following elements that make up the environment: flora, fauna, air, water, land and cultural resources.
evolutionary acquisition - DOD's preferred
strategy for rapid acquisition of mature technology for the user. An
evolutionary approach delivers capability in increments, recognizing up-front
the need for future capability improvements.
family of systems (FoS) - A set or arrangement of independent systems that can be arranged or interconnected in various ways to provide different capabilities. The mix of systems can be tailored to provide desired capabilities, dependent on the situation. An example of an FoS would be an anti-submarine warfare FoS consisting of submarines, surface ships, aircraft, static and mobile sensor systems and additional systems. Although these systems can independently provide militarily useful capabilities, in collaboration they can more fully satisfy a more complex and challenging capability: to detect, localize, track, and engage submarines.
functional area - A broad scope of related joint warfighting skills and attributes that may span the range of military operations. Specific skill groupings that make up the functional areas are approved by the JROC.
Functional Capabilities Board (FCB) - A permanently established body that is responsible for the organization, analysis, and prioritization of joint warfighting capabilities within an assigned functional area.
Gatekeeper - That individual who makes the initial joint potential designation of JCIDS proposals. This individual will also make a determination of the lead and supporting FCBs and JWCA teams for capability proposals. The Gatekeeper is supported in these functions by USJFCOM, DJ-6, DJ-7, and the JWCA team leads. DDJWCA serves as the Gatekeeper.
increment - A militarily useful and supportable operational capability that can be effectively developed, produced or acquired, deployed and sustained. Each increment of capability will have its own set of threshold and objective values set by the user.
Information Assurance (IA) - Information operations that protect and defend information and information systems by ensuring their availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality and non-repudiation. This includes providing for restoration of information systems by incorporating protection, detection and reaction capabilities.
Information Technology (IT) - Any equipment, or interconnected system or subsystem of equipment, that is used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission or reception of data or information by the executive agency. This includes equipment used by a Component directly, or used by a contractor under a contract with the Component, which (i) requires the use of such equipment, or (ii) requires the use, to a significant extent, of such equipment in the performance of a service or the furnishing of a product. The term "IT" also includes computers, ancillary equipment, software, firmware and similar procedures, services (including support services) and related resources. Notwithstanding the above, the term "IT" does not include any equipment that is acquired by a Federal contractor incidental to a Federal contract. The term "IT" includes National Security Systems (NSS).
Initial Capabilities Document (ICD) - Documents the need for a materiel approach to a specific capability gap derived from an initial analysis of materiel approaches executed by the operational user and, as required, an independent analysis of materiel alternatives. It defines the capability gap in terms of the functional area, the relevant range of military operations, desired effects and time. The ICD summarizes the results of the DOTMLPF analysis and describes why nonmateriel changes alone have been judged inadequate in fully providing the capability.
insensitive munitions - Munitions that minimize
the probability of inadvertent initiation and the severity of subsequent
collateral damage as a result of unplanned, external stimuli.
integrated architectures - An architecture consisting of multiple views or perspectives (operational view, systems view and technical view) that facilitates integration and promotes interoperability across family of systems and systems of systems and compatibility among related architectures.
interoperability - The ability of systems, units or forces to provide data, information, materiel and services to and accept the same from other systems, units or forces and to use the data, information, materiel and services so exchanged to enable them to operate effectively together. NSS and ITS interoperability includes both the technical exchange of information and the end-to-end operational effectiveness of that exchanged information as required for mission accomplishment.
Joint Capabilities Board (JCB) - The JCB functions to assist the JROC in carrying out its duties and responsibilities. The JCB reviews and, if appropriate, endorses all JCIDS and DOTMLPF proposals prior to their submission to the JROC. The JCB is chaired by the Joint Staff, J-8, Director of Force Structure, Resources, and Assessment. It is comprised of Flag Officer/General Officer representatives of the Services.
joint experimentation - An iterative process for developing and assessing concept-based hypotheses to identify and recommend the best value-added solutions for changes in DOTMLPF required to achieve significant advances in future joint operational capabilities.
joint force - The term "Joint Force" in its broadest sense refers to the Armed Forces of the United States. The term "joint force" (lower case) refers to an element of the Armed Forces that is organized for a particular mission or task. Because this could refer to a joint task force or a unified command, or some yet unnamed future joint organization, the more generic term "a joint force" will be used, similar in manner to the term "joint force commander" in reference to the commander of any joint force.
Joint Functional Concept (JFC) - An articulation of how a future joint force commander will integrate a set of related military tasks to attain capabilities required across the range of military operations. Although broadly described within the Joint Operations Concepts, they derive specific context from the joint operating concepts and promote common attributes in sufficient detail to conduct experimentation and measure effectiveness.
Joint Operating Concept (JOC) - An articulation of how a future joint force commander will plan, prepare, deploy, employ, and sustain a joint force against potential adversaries' capabilities or crisis situations specified within the range of military operations. Joint Operating Concepts guide the development and integration of JFCs to provide joint capabilities. They articulate the measurable detail needed to conduct experimentation and allow decision makers to compare alternatives.
Joint Operations Concepts (JOpsC) - A concept that describes how the Joint Force intends to operate 15 to 20 years from now. It provides the operational context for the transformation of the Armed Forces of the United States by linking strategic guidance with the integrated application of Joint Force capabilities.
Joint Potential Designator (JPD) - A designation assigned by the Gatekeeper to specify JCIDS validation, approval and interoperability expectations.
a. "JROC Interest" designation will apply to all
ACAT I/IA programs and programs designated as JROC Interest. This
designation may also apply to intelligence capabilities that support DOD and
national intelligence requirements. These documents will be staffed through
the JROC for validation and approval. All CRDs will be designated as JROC
Interest. DOTMLPF change proposals will also be designated as JROC Interest
in accordance with reference c .
b. "Joint Impact" designation will apply to ACAT II-and-below programs where the concepts and/or systems associated with the document affect the joint force such that an expanded review is appropriate in order to ensure that the most appropriate and effective solution is developed for the joint warfighter. This designation will also apply to those intelligence capabilities supporting both national intelligence and DOD when they were not designated as JROC Interest. A Functional Capabilities Board will validate Joint Impact proposals, returning them to the sponsor for approval and acquisition activity.
c. "Joint Integration" designation will apply to ACAT II and below programs where the concepts and/or systems associated with the document do not significantly affect the joint force and an expanded review is not required, but National Security Systems and Information Technology Systems (NSS and ITS) interoperability, intelligence or munitions certification is required. Once the required certification(s) are completed, Joint Integration proposals are validated and approved by the sponsoring Component.
d. "Independent" designation will apply to ACAT II and below programs where the concepts and/or systems associated with the document do not significantly affect the joint force, an expanded review is not required, and no certifications are required. Once designated, these documents are returned to the sponsoring Component for validation and approval.
Joint Requirements Oversight Council Memorandum (JROCM) - Official JROC correspondence generally directed to an audience(s) external to the JROC. JROCMs are usually decisional in nature.
Key Performance Parameters (KPP) - Those minimum attributes or characteristics considered most essential for an effective military capability. KPPs are validated by the JROC for JROC Interest documents, by the FCB for Joint Impact documents, and by the DOD Component for Joint Integration or Independent documents. CDD and CPD KPPs are included verbatim in the APB.
logistic support - Logistic support encompasses the logistic services, materiel and transportation required to support the continental United States-based and worldwide-deployed forces.
materiel solution - A defense acquisition program (nondevelopmental, modification of existing systems, or new program) that satisfies, or is a primary basis for satisfying identified warfighter capabilities. In the case of FoS and SoS approaches, an individual materiel solution may not fully satisfy a necessary capability gap on its own.
measures of effectiveness (MOE) - Metrics used to measure results achieved in the overall mission and execution of assigned tasks. Measures of effectiveness are a prerequisite to the performance of combat measurement.
Milestones - Major decision points that separate the phases of an acquisition program.
Milestone Decision Authority (MDA) - The individual designated, in accordance with criteria established by the USD(AT&L), by the ASD(NII) (for Automated Information System acquisition programs), or by the USecAF (as the DOD Space MDA) to approve entry of an acquisition program into the next phase.
military department - A department headed by a civilian Secretary appointed by the President and includes a Military Service (the Department of the Navy includes two Services).
militarily useful capability - A capability that achieves military objectives through operational effectiveness, suitability and availability, which is interoperable with related systems and processes, transportable and sustainable when and where needed, and at costs known to be affordable over the long term.
Mission Requirements Board - The Mission Requirements Board manages the national requirements process that reviews, validates and approves national requirements for future intelligence capabilities and systems. It is the senior validation and approval authority for future intelligence requirements funded within the National Foreign Intelligence Program (NFIP), and provides advice and council on future requirements funded outside the NFIP.
National Security Systems (NSS) -
Telecommunications and information systems, operated by the DOD -- the
functions, operation or use of which involves (1) intelligence activities, (2)
cryptologic activities related to national security, (3) the command and
control of military forces, (4) equipment that is an integral part of a weapon
or weapons systems, or (5) is critical to the direct fulfillment of military
or intelligence missions. Subsection (5) in the preceding sentence does not
include procurement of automatic data processing equipment or services to be
used for routine administrative and business applications (including payroll,
finance, logistics and personnel management applications).
nonmateriel Solution - Changes in
doctrine, organization, training, leadership and education, personnel or
facilities to satisfy identified functional capabilities.
objective - The desired operational
goal associated with a performance attribute, beyond which any gain in utility
does not warrant additional expenditure. The objective value is an
operationally significant increment above the threshold. An objective value
may be the same as the threshold when an operationally significant increment
above the threshold is not significant or useful.
operational effectiveness - Measure of the overall ability to accomplish a mission when used by representative personnel in the environment planned or expected for operational employment of the system considering organization, doctrine, tactics, supportability, survivability, vulnerability and threat.
operational suitability - The degree to
which a system can be placed and sustained satisfactorily in field use with
consideration given to availability, compatibility, transportability,
interoperability, reliability, wartime usage rates, maintainability, safety,
human factors, habitability, manpower, logistics, supportability, logistics
supportability, natural environment effects and impacts, documentation and
operator - An operational command or
agency that employs the acquired system for the benefit of users. Operators
may also be users.
sponsor - The DOD component responsible
for all common documentation, periodic reporting and funding actions required
to support the capabilities development and acquisition process for a specific
sustainability - The ability to maintain the necessary level and duration of operational activity to achieve military objectives. Sustainability is a function of providing for and maintaining those levels of ready forces, materiel and consumables necessary to support military effort.
sustainment - The provision of personnel, logistic and other support required to maintain and prolong operations or combat until successful accomplishment or revision of the mission or of the national objective.
system of systems (SoS) - A set or arrangement of interdependent systems that are related or connected to provide a given capability. The loss of any part of the system will degrade the performance or capabilities of the whole. An example of an SoS could be interdependent information systems. While individual systems within the SoS may be developed to satisfy the peculiar needs of a given user group (like a specific Service or agency), the information they share is so important that the loss of a single system may deprive other systems of the data needed to achieve even minimal capabilities.
threshold - A minimum acceptable operational value below which the utility of the system becomes questionable.
user - An operational command or agency that receives or will receive benefit from the acquired system. Combatant commanders and their Service Component commands are the users. There may be more than one user for a system. Because the Service Component commands are required to organize, equip and train forces for the combatant commanders, they are seen as users for systems. The Chiefs of the Services and heads of other DOD Components are validation and approval authorities and are not viewed as users.
user representative - A command or agency that has been formally designated by proper authority to represent single or multiple users in the capabilities and acquisition process. The Services and the Service Components of the combatant commanders are normally the user representatives. There should only be one user representative for a system.
validation - The review of documentation by an operational authority other than the user to confirm the operational capability. Validation is a precursor to approval.
Validation Authority - The individual within the DOD Components charged with overall capability definition and validation. The Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in the role as the Chairman of the JROC, is the Validation Authority for all potential major defense acquisition programs. The Validation Authority for JCIDS issues is dependent upon the JPD of the program or initiative as specified below:
a. JROC Interest - JROC is Validation Authority.
b. Joint Impact - The lead FCB is the Validation Authority.
c. Joint Integration - The sponsor is the Validation Authority.
d. Independent - The sponsor is the Validation Authority.