For acquisition acronyms and terminology,
refer to the DSMC Press publication Glossary: Defense Acquisition Acronyms
and Terms, Sixth Edition, March 1995. The following are a few acronyms and terms frequently
used in this Guide.
Act - A bill or measure after it passes one or both Houses of
Congress. Also denotes a law in place.
Adjournment - Ends a legislative day. Unlike a recess, which ends a
calendar day but which does not end a legislative day.
- Acquisition Manager (Department of Defense (DoD)): program executive
officer, program or project manager, or other senior official.
- Armed Services Committee in either house dealing with matters of the
armed services: Senate Armed Services Committee and House National Security
ASD (LA) - Assistant Secretary of Defense
Appropriating Committee -
Appropriations Committee (HAC) or Senate Appropriations Committee (SAC).
Appropriation - An authorization by an act of Congress that
permits Federal agencies to incur obligations and make payments from the
Treasury. An appropriation usually follows enactment of authorizing
Appropriation Bill - Grants the actual funding
approved by authorization bills. Originates in the House.
Authorization - An act of
Congress that permits a federal program or activity to begin or continue from
year to year. It sets limits on funds that can be appropriated, but does not
grant funding which must be provided by a separate Congressional
Authorization Bill -
Authorizes start or continuation of a
program(s), specifies its general aim and conduct and, unless "open-ended," puts a
ceiling on funding. Usually enacted before an appropriation bill is passed.
Authorizing Committee - A committee with legislative
and oversight jurisdiction over agency program(s); the Senate Armed Services
Committee (SASC) and the House National Security Committee (HNSC) for most DoD
Bill - Nearly all legislative proposals being
considered by Congress. (Commonly the rest are resolutions.) Designated
either a HR (House of Representatives) Bill or S (Senate) Bill according to
where they originate, and by a number assigned in the order introduced.
Budget - In DoD, the output of the planning,
programming, and budgeting system, which becomes part of the President's
budget. Until 1987
(for FY 1989), it was annual; now it is biennial.
- House (HBC) or Senate (SBC) committee determining appropriation limits
for fiscal year under consideration.
CBO - Congressional Budget
Chamber - Either the Senate or the House of
Conference - A meeting of representatives of
the Senate and House, called conferees, to reconcile differences about
provisions of a bill.
Continuing (appropriations) Resolution
- When a fiscal
year begins and Congress has not passed all regular appropriations bills, a
joint continuing resolution is passed giving agencies authority to spend at
same rates as previous fiscal year, or some other specified rate. Also,
continuing resolution authority (CRA).
Congressional Research Service (of the Library of
Defense Agency - Defense Logistics Agency (DLA),
Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA), etc.
Defense Committees - The
House National Security Committee (HNSC) and Senate Armed Service Committee
(SASC), and the Defense Appropriations Subcommittees of the House
Appropriations Committee (HAC) and Senate Appropriations Committee (SAC).
DoD - Department of Defense.
Executive Session - A
meeting closed to the public.
FAStA - Federal Acquisition
FY - Fiscal year. U.S. Government: October 1 to
September 30 (12 months).
GAO - General Accounting Office. An
agency of the legislative branch, responsible solely to Congress, which
functions to audit all negotiated government office contracts and investigate
all matters relating to the receipt, disbursement, and application of public
funds. Determines whether public funds are expended in accordance with
Germane - Pertinent, bearing on the subject.
HAC - House Appropriations Committee.
HBC - House
HNSC - House National Security Committee
LA/LLO - Legislative Affairs/Legislative Liaison Office
in Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) or the Services/DefenseAgencies,
which processes congressional inquiries and related matters on acquisition
policy, administration, and programmatics.
- The political party in/not in power in either chamber.
Markup - Subcommittee or committee action on a bill
by proceeding through the bill line-by-line approving, disapproving or
Measure - A bill or other proposed
legislative act under consideration.
OSD - Office of the
Secretary of Defense.
Oversight - Review activity by
congressional committees of DoD programs to determine current status, if the
law or other desires of the Congress are being followed, or a basis for
possible future legislation.
PB - President's Budget - The
Federal Government budget for a particular fiscal year transmitted on the
first Monday in February to Congress by the President in accordance with the
Budget Enforcement Act of 1992. Includes all agencies and activities of the
executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
- Professional staff member of a congressional committee.
Ranking Member - Senior minority Member of a committee, or
senior majority Member not serving as chairperson.
SAC - Senate
SASC - Senate Armed Services
SBC - Senate Budget Committee.
S/DA - Service/Defense Agency.
- Military department. Department of the Army, Department of the Air Force,
Department of the Navy, Department of the Navy - U. S. Marine Corps 24