involves a change in the concept, requirements, specifications,
and/or practices that reduce risk to an acceptable level. Simply stated, it
eliminates the sources of high or possibly medium risk and replaces them with
a lower risk solution and may be supported by a cost/benefit analysis.
Generally, this method may be done in parallel with the up-front requirements
analysis, supported by cost/requirement trade studies, which can include Cost
As an Independent Variable (CAIV) trades.