Para 22.214.171.124. Spiral Development
In this process, a desired capability is identified, but the end-state
requirements are not known at program initiation. Those requirements are
refined through demonstration and risk management;
there is continuous user feedback; and each increment provides the user the
best possible capability.
Technologists and industry shall identify and protect promising
technologies in laboratories and research centers, academia, and foreign and
domestic commercial sources; reduce the risks of
introducing these technologies into the acquisition process; and promote
coordination, cooperation, and mutual understanding of technology
The AoA shall assess the critical technologies associated with these
concepts, including technology maturity, technical, and, if necessary,
technology maturation and demonstration needs.
Para 3.6.1. Purpose
The purpose of this phase (Technology Development) is to reduce
technology risk and to determine the appropriate set of
technologies to be integrated into a full system.
The purpose of the SDD phase is to develop a system or an increment of
capability; reduce integration and manufacturing risk
(technology risk reduction occurs during Technology Development); ensure
operational supportability with particular attention to reducing the
logistics footprint; implement human systems integration (HSI); design for
producibility; ensure affordability and the protection of critical program
information (CPI) by implementing appropriate techniques such as
anti-tamper; and demonstrate system integration, interoperability, safety,
For Shipbuilding Programs, the required program information shall be
updated in support of the Milestone B decision, and the ICE shall be
completed. The lead ship in a class shall normally be authorized at
Milestone B. Technology readiness assessments shall consider the
risk associated with critical subsystems prior to ship
The management and mitigation of technology risk, which
allows less costly and less time-consuming systems development, is a crucial
part of overall program management and is especially relevant to meeting
cost and schedule goals. Objective assessment of technology maturity and
risk shall be a routine aspect of DoD acquisition.
Para 3.7.3. System Integration
This effort is intended to integrate subsystems, complete detailed
design, and reduce system-level risk.
The Design Readiness Review during SDD provides an opportunity for
mid-phase assessment of design maturity as evidenced by measures such as the
number of subsystem and system design reviews successfully completed; the
percentage of drawings completed; planned corrective actions to
hardware/software deficiencies; adequate development testing; an assessment
of environment, safety and occupational health risks; a
completed failure modes and effects analysis; the identification of key
system characteristics and critical manufacturing processes; an estimate of
system reliability based on demonstrated reliability rates; etc.
Para 3.8.2. Entrance Criteria
Entrance into this phase (Production/Deployment) depends on the following
criteria: acceptable performance in development, test and evaluation and
operational assessment; mature software capability; no significant
manufacturing risks; manufacturing processes under control
(if Milestone C is full-rate production); an approved ICD (if Milestone C is
program initiation); an approved Capability Production Document (CPD);
acceptable interoperability; acceptable operational supportability;
compliance with the DoD Strategic Plan; and demonstration that the system is
affordable throughout the life cycle, optimally funded, and properly phased
for rapid acquisition.
Table E3.T3. Contract Reporting
The CCDR requirement on high-risk or
high-technical-interest contracts priced between $7 and $50 million is left
to the discretion of the Cost Working Integrated Product Team (IPT).
The T&E strategy shall provide information
about risk and risk mitigation,
provide empirical data to validate models and simulations, evaluate
technical performance and system maturity, and determine whether systems are
operationally effective, suitable, and survivable against the threat
detailed in the System Threat Assessment.
Projects that undergo a Milestone A decision shall have a T&E
strategy that shall primarily address M&S, including identifying and
managing the associated risk, and that shall evaluate
system concepts against mission requirements.
The concept of early and integrated T&E shall emphasize prototype
testing during system development and demonstration and early OAs to
identify technology risks and provide operational user
Para E5.5. Developmental Test and Evaluation
During DT&E, the materiel developer shall identify and describe
design technical risks.
The process shall include a review of DT&E results; an assessment of
the systemís progress against critical technical parameters documented in
the TEMP; an analysis of identified technical risks to
verify that those risks have been retired during
developmental testing; and a review of the IOT&E entrance criteria
specified in the TEMP.
Para E6.4. CAIG Procedures
The DoD Component responsible for acquisition of a system shall cooperate
with the CAIG and provide the cost, programmatic, and technical information
required for estimating costs and appraising cost
In this evaluation, the D,PA&E shall assess the extent to which the
AoA: Assessed technology risk and maturity.
Para E7.7. Environment, Safety and Occupational Health
As part of risk reduction, the PM shall prevent ESOH
hazards where possible, and shall manage ESOH hazards where they cannot be
avoided. The acquisition strategy shall incorporate a summary of the
Programmatic ESOH Evaluation (PESHE), including ESOH risks,
a strategy for integrating ESOH considerations into the systems engineering
process, identification of ESOH responsibilities, a method for tracking
progress, and a compliance schedule for NEPA.
For acceptance of ESOH mishap risks identified by the
program, the CAE is the acceptance authority for high
risks, PEO-level for serious risks, and the PM for medium
and low risks as defined in the industry standard for