||MIL-STD-2036: General Requirements for Electronic Equipment Specifications
30.1 Safety. Tailoring guidance may be obtained from
the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE), National
Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA), American National Standards
Institute (ANSI), the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), National Electrical
Code (NEC), National Electrical Safety Code (NESC), National Fire Protection
Agency (NFPA), Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), and
Underwriters Laboratories (UL). Provisions for safety shall be as specified
30.1.1 Grounding connections and internal parts bonding.
Shipboard power is ungrounded. The grounding of power supplies and the
grounding of their connections shall be in accordance with
30.1.2 Marking. Power supplies shall be marked in
accordance with UL 1012, section 60.
30.1.3 Radioactive commodities.
Materials that emit alpha and beta particles and gamma rays may be absorbed
and deposited within the body. These particles and rays act as damaging agents
that injure or destroy blood-forming organs and other tissue. Marking and
labeling requirements for identification in use, storage, and transportation
of radioactive commodities, their packages and shipping containers shall be in
accordance with MIL-HDBK-600.
30.1.4 X-radiation and laser radiation.
X-radiation tests shall be in accordance with 21 CFR 1010.2, 21 CFR 10103, 21
CFR 1020.10, and applicable UL or other consensus standards. Laser tests shall
be in accordance with 21 CFR 1010.2, 21 FR 10103, 21 CFR 1040, or Government
test laboratory in accordance with MIL-STD-1425 and SPAWARINST
18.104.22.168 X-radiation. Radiation levels shall be limited to not
greater than 2 milliroentgen(mR) in any one hour, and 100 mR in any 7
consecutive days at the operator's position or within 5 cm from the equipment
(whichever is closer) in any unrestricted area accessible to personnel. In
addition, these levels shall be reduced whenever necessary to ensure that
exposed personnel never receive an absorbed dose to the whole body or any
critical organ in excess of 125 millirem per calendar quarter or 500 millirem
per year. Other exposure shall be based on application criteria and limits as
required by 10 CFR 20; 29 CFR 1910.96; and 21 CFR, Chapter I, Subchapter J.
Radiological Health. Equipment which, when shields, covers, and doors are
removed, will allow X-radiation to exceed 2.0 mR per hour, shall be provided
with non-by-passable interlocks. Shields which protect personnel from
irradiation shall be labeled in accordance with 21 CFR and a warning also
located when the barrier or access door is removed.
radiation. Laser equipment and system design, Installation, and operational
and maintenance procedures shall be in accordance with 21 CFR 1040.10. Exempt
military lasers or military laser not covered by 21 CFR 1040.10 shall use the
hazard classification of 21 CFR 1040 which indicates the level of control
required to minimize personnel injury potential based solely on laser
accessible emission levels. The safety design requirements for exempted lasers
and associated support equipment shall be in accordance with
22.214.171.124 Color code, human exposure to RF fields in high frequencies, and
RF radiation. The safety n commercial equipment and systems shall include the
(a) The establishment of a safety color that will alert and inform persons
to take precautionary action in the presence of hazards shall be in accordance
with ANSI Z53.1.
(b) The prevention of harmful effects in human beings
exposed to electromagnetic fields in the frequency range form 300 kHz to 100
gHz shall be in accordance with ANSI C95.1.
(c) The warning of biological
detriment and direct and indirect cause of ignition of explosive materials or
vapors from hazardous levels of nonionizing electromagnetic radiation shall be
in accordance with ANSI C95.2.
(d) Techniques for measurement of
potentially hazardous electromagnetic radiation at microwave frequencies shall
be in accordance with ANSI C95.3.
(e) Radiation symbol shall be in accordance with ANSI
30.1.5 Electromagnetic radiation hazards (RADHAZ). Personnel concerned with
the design, installation, and operation of electronic equipment capable of
producing or being susceptible to electromagnetic RADHAZ shall be in
accordance with the guidance of OPNAVINST 5100.19, NAVELEX 0967-LP-624-6010 on
the following aspects:
(a) Biological effects with precautionary safety measures.
distance and time of exposure levels of Radio Frequency (RF) for personnel on
(c) Fire and personnel protection criteria.
(d) Methods and
procedures for the prediction of electromagnetic radiation.
Susceptibility of electro-explosive devices (EEDs) and ordnance to