Acquisition program. A
directed, funded effort designed to provide a new, improved, or continuing
system in response to a validated operational need.
3.2.2 Developer. The individual
or organization assigned responsibility for a development effort. Developers
can be either internal to the government or contractors.
3.2.3 Hazard. Any real or
potential condition that can cause injury, illness, or death to personnel;
damage to or loss of a system, equipment or property; or damage to the
3.2.4 Hazardous material. Any
substance that, due to its chemical, physical, or biological nature, causes
safety, public health, or environmental concerns that would require an
elevated level of effort to manage.
3.2.5 Life cycle. All phases of the system's life including design, research, development, test and evaluation, production, deployment (inventory), operations and support, and disposal.
3.2.6 Mishap. An unplanned event
or series of events resulting in death, injury, occupational illness, damage
to or loss of equipment or property, or damage to the environment.
3.2.7 Mishap risk. An expression
of the impact and possibility of a mishap in terms of potential mishap
severity and probability of occurrence.
3.2.8 Program Manager (PM). A
government official who is responsible for managing an acquisition program.
Also, a general term of reference to those organizations directed by
individual managers, exercising authority over the planning, direction, and
control of tasks and associated functions essential for support of
designated systems. This term will normally be used in lieu of any other
titles, e.g.; system support manager, weapon program manager, system
manager, and project manager.
3.2.9 Residual mishap risk. The
remaining mishap risk that exists after all mitigation techniques have been
implemented or exhausted, in accordance with the system safety design order
of precedence (see 4.4).
3.2.10 Safety. Freedom from those
conditions that can cause death, injury, occupational illness, damage to or
loss of equipment or property, or damage to the environment.
3.2.11 Subsystem. A grouping of
items satisfying a logical group of functions within a particular
3.2.12 System. An integrated
composite of people, products, and processes that provide a capability to
satisfy a stated need or objective.
3.2.13 System safety. The
application of engineering and management principles, criteria, and
techniques to achieve acceptable mishap risk, within the constraints of
operational effectiveness and suitability, time, and cost, throughout all
phases of the system life cycle.
3.2.14 System safety engineering.
An engineering discipline that employs specialized professional knowledge
and skills in applying scientific and engineering principles, criteria, and
techniques to identify and eliminate hazards, in order to reduce the
associated mishap risk.