||NAVSO P-3676: Navy Primary and Secondary Batteries
6.6 Packaging, Handling, Storage, Transportation, and
Refer to Section 4.7 for general
The electrolyte is very corrosive
and must not come in contact with people or equipment. This requires that the
batteries always be cleaned regularly and properly maintained. This will
minimize the amount of electrolyte venting that occurs while the battery is
installed in the system.
If Ni/Cd batteries are to be stored
out of the equipment for long periods of time, they should be discharged
before storage and shorted during storage when possible.
Caution must be exercised in the
storage of Ni/Cd batteries. In general, batteries and their containers should
be stored in a well ventilated, dry place. A general-purpose warehouse is an
acceptable storage area and should meet the criteria for conforming storage.
Most Ni/Cd batteries are supplied with the electrolyte in place. This makes
the batteries readily available when a need arises. This also makes them more
sensitive to the conditions under which they are stored. To minimize the
amount of deterioration that can occur while in storage, the battery should be
kept at room ambient or lower temperature. Batteries should be recharged when
they are removed from storage and before they are put into service. If the
storage has been for a prolonged period, several cycles may be needed to
recover the full capacity of the battery. Recharge serves to overcome the
effects of self-discharge that occur in all Ni/Cd batteries when not used
Concern for proper disposition of
used batteries has arisen from an increased awareness of the effects of heavy
metals and corrosive liquids on people and the natural environment.
Consequently, defective, exhausted, or unserviceable batteries should not be
disposed of in a haphazard manner. The Defense Reutilization Marketing Office
(DRMO) provides for the proper disposition of batteries and other waste
materials. DRMO can advise the generator (user) about the proper packaging and
labeling of items for disposal and arrange transportation for these
One distinct advantage that Ni/Cd
batteries have over other batteries is that many are suitable for rebuild.
Therefore, Ni/Cd batteries may be worth more for resale for commercial use
than the value of the nickel components contained in the plates. To pursue
this possibility, nickel batteries should be screened, accumulated, and
offered for sale. DRMO will accept physical custody of undrained,
unserviceable Ni/Cd batteries, provided they meet the following
• They have adequate
• Material handling equipment is
• The batteries are not
• The batteries are packaged in
weather-resistant fiberboard boxes, wooden boxes, or pallets. If pallets are
used, batteries are to be secured using non-metallic strapping material and
not stacked more than two layers high.
• Battery terminals are protected
from short circuits.
• Vent caps are secured with electrical