Step #7: Determine Collection Containers & Segregation Strategies
Once you determine the number of commodities to be
recycled, it will be necessary to determine the number and location of
recycling bins needed. The best way to accomplish this is by walking through
the facilities. Marking the locations on a schematic of the building will help
you to estimate your container costs. Mark all the places you plan to spot a
group of recycling bins on a facility drawing or map. Remember that you can
always adjust the final number of recycling containers required later,
however, you need to document your best guess on the initial walk-through.
There are many different container size options available so keep the overall
size, in line with your collection requirements.
Recycling Bins - Containers are chosen based on
the material to be collected, expected volume, collection strategy, and cost.
Collection containers can be a simple plastic bin or box. Desktop paper
collection containers are typically small cardboard or plastic bins located on
or by the desk. A container should also be located near all copiers, fax
machines, and printers. Collection containers also need to be positioned in
designated areas throughout the facility. Collection containers should be a
noticeable color for ease of identification and collection.
Smaller bins will fit into more locations but will
create the need for more frequent collection and hence more labor costs. A
larger collection container will make collection easier and reduce manning
requirements, but it will be more difficult to obtain available floor space.
(Note: Obtaining adequate floor space ["Floor wars"] will be a much larger
task than you first recognize. Having upper management support in the
beginning should help eliminate or reduce this obstacle.)
Collection Containers -
Most of the recycling bins will need to be emptied into large collection
containers by custodial or other collection staff on a scheduled basis.
Cardboard boxes ("Gaylords") or plastic shipping tubs can be used for this
function. Gaylord containers are sometimes cheaper but take up much more room,
are unattractive, and require a pallet and pallet mover to transport. Plastic
shipping tubs are more expensive, initially, but can be sized for the
location. They usually have built-in wheels, will stack when empty, and can be
more attractive. These tubs can be ordered to accommodate a fork truck,
electric prime mover, or attach a hitch for pulling. These shipping tubs are
also a great place to advertise the program's title or slogan. The plastic
tubs may force you to set up an exchange or loop program with your recycling
broker. Remember that a loop program usually requires a staging area for the
empty tubs. A staging area will also be needed for Gaylords and pallets as
well. Investigate the possibility of having a trailer spotted on or near the
dock to lessen the need for moving full tubs more than once. Full tubs take up
a lot of floor space.