Life Cycle Integration
Life cycle integration is achieved through integrated development that is,
concurrent consideration of all life cycle needs during the development
process. DoD policy requires integrated development, called Integrated Product
and Product Development (IPPD) in DoD, to be practiced at all levels in the
acquisition chain of command as will be explained in the chapter on IPPD.
Concurrent consideration of all life cycle needs can be greatly enhanced through
the use of interdisciplinary teams. These teams are often referred to as
Integrated Product Teams (IPTs).
The objective of an Integrated Product Team is to:
° Produce a design solution that satisfies initially defined requirements, and
° Communicate that design solution clearly,
effectively, and in a timely manner.
Multi-functional, integrated teams:
° Place balanced emphasis on product and process development, and
° Require early involvement of all disciplines
appropriate to the team task.
Design-level IPT members are chosen to meet the team
objectives and generally have distinctive competence in:
° Technical management (systems engineering),
° Life cycle functional areas (eight primary functions),
° Technical specialty areas, such as safety, risk management, quality, etc., or
° When appropriate, business areas such as finance,
cost/budget analysis, and contracting.