1. Air Force Pamphlet 800-7, "USAF R&M 2000 Process"
This is the Air Force document which forms the basis for the AirForce
R&M program. ESS is given visibility in a detailed appendix, with specific
parameters for temperature cycling and random vibration included in a chart
titled "R&M 2000 Baseline Regimen."
2. Army Materiel Command (AMC) Regulation 702-25, "AMC Environmental Stress
This Army Regulation is the basis for ESS requirements in the Army. This
regulation contains a Baseline Regimen and requires that a FRACAS be
implemented. Appendix A contains a baseline Statement of Work to be used in
Invitations for Bids, Requests for Proposal, and awarded contracts
3. DoD 4245.7-M, "Transition from Development to Production"
This document provides an excellent overview, in the Manufacturing
Screening template, of the proper way to use ESS. The Manufacturing Screening
template also places strong emphasis on keeping ESS dynamic and flexible
through intelligent tailoring.
4. DoD-HDBK-344 (USAF) "Environmental Stress Screening of Electronic
This handbook covers a variety of important issues, including contractual
aspects, planning for development and production phase ESS, and incorporating
results of different program test phases. This handbook also contains a
mathematical methodology for developing a screen.
5. DoD Directive 5000.1, "Defense Acquisition"
This directive describes the policies which govern defense acquisition by
DoD components, the major characteristics of the three decision making support
systems affecting acquisition, and the acquisition responsibilities of key
officials and groups. Although the directive doesn't mention ESS, it does
emphasize developing reliable systems, which is the goal of ESS.
6. DoD Instruction 5000.2, "Defense Acquisition Management Policies and
This instruction describes the procedures to be used for translating
broadly stated mission needs into stable, affordable, DoD acquisition
programs. It emphasizes effective acquisition planning, improved
communications with users, and aggressive risk management by both Government
and industry. The reliability and maintainability section (Part 6, Section C)
requires that an aggressive ESS program be developed for electronic equipment
and applied to engineering development and production assets.
7. MIL-HDBK-338-1A, "Electronic Reliability Design Handbook," Volume
This handbook, which covers all aspects of reliability program planning and
execution, has a section on assembly-level ESS. The assembly-level ESS section
contains a realistic approach for determining appropriate screens based on
thermal and vibration surveys. The need for tailoring, continuous reevaluation
of screen cost-effectiveness. and understanding root causes of failures are
8. MIL-HDBK-727, "Design Guidance for Producibility"
This handbook, which covers all aspects of producibility, has a section on
part screening. Although this triservice ESS Guidebook does not discuss Part
Screening, an ESS practitioner who has the need for a detailed discussion of
Part Screening may refer to MIL-HDBK-727.
9. MIL-HDBK-781, "Reliability Test Methods, Plans, and Environments for
Engineering Development, Qualification and Production"
Although this is a handbook which was developed for Reliability Testing,
there is a section which describes three methods for monitoring ESS (the
Computed ESS Time Interval Method, the Graphical Method and the Standard ESS
10. MIL-STD-781, "Reliability Testing for Engineering Development,
Qualification, and Production"
This Military Standard, although developed for Reliability Qualification
Testing, Reliability Growth Testing, etc., contains a Task for implementing
Environmental Stress Screening in contracts.
11. MIL-STD-785, "Reliability Program for Systems and Equipment,
Development and Production"
This Military Standard provides general guidance and specific tasks for
reliability programs during the development, production, and initial
deployment of systems and equipment. Task 301 of MIL-STD-785 provides
specifics for specifying an ESS program in contracts.
12. MIL-STD-1235, "Single-and Multi-Level Continuous Sampling Procedures
and Tables for Inspection by Attributes"
This standard provides tables and procedures for applying five different
types of continuous sampling plans for inspection by attributes.
13. NAVMAT P-9492, "Navy Manufacturing Screening Program"
This is the "grandfather" of all current ESS standards and documents. This
document contains a Baseline ESS Regimen which has been extensively
implemented on U. S. Navy programs. This document also defines temperature
change rates in terms of equipment response instead of chamber air
14. NAVSO P-6071. "Best Practices"
NAVSO P-6071, a companion to DoD 4245.7-M, offers a very useful
executive-style summary of the important issues associated with successfully
using ESS. This summary is accompanied by a unique chart that contrasts the
traps and consequences of some current approaches with the potential benefits
of applying the Best Practices strategies.
15. RADC-TR-86-149, "Environmental Stress Screening"
This technical report, developed by Rome Laboratories, contains
quantitative techniques for planning, monitoring and controlling the cost
effectiveness of stress screening programs for electronic equipment. A method
of estimating the number of defects remaining in the delivered product is also
16. RADC-TR-87-225, "Improved Operational Readiness through Environmental
This technical report, developed by Rome Laboratories, contains guidelines
for the application of ESS to field inventory hardware. Methods are presented
for the selection of equipment for ESS application which offer significant
potential for operational readiness improvement and life cycle cost
17. RADC-TR-90-269, "Quantitative Reliability Growth Factors for
This technical report, developed by Rome Laboratories, examines the
measured field reliability improvements resulting from multiple cycle ESS on
avionics systems. For several systems, additional cycles of ESS were applied.
Through the comparison of the serialized field reliability records for those
systems with and without the additional ESS cycles, an assessment of the
improvement in field MTBF resulting from ESS was made.
18. Sacramento Air Logistics Center (SM-ALC), "Environmental Stress
This document was developed to provide program managers and engineers
information on "how to set up an ESS program." This handbook considers often
overlooked administrative as well as technical concerns such as previous
contractor experience, decision criteria for ESS applicability, cost
effectiveness in the production process, and contractor development of
appropriate ESS methodologies.
19. TE000-AB-GTP-020A, "Environmental Stress Screening Requirements and
Application Manual for Navy Electronic Equipment"
This document, developed by Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA), contains
the basis for the NAVSEA ESS program. It is intended for use by Navy program
managers as the baseline minimum ESS requirements for Statements of Work, and
by design and manufacturing engineers and depot repair facilities for
implementation. It contains specific information on determining the natural
frequencies and displacements of PWAs. It also contains guidance on
understanding the equipment's vibration and thermal responses.
20 Tri-Service "Technical Brief for TAAF Implementation"
This document was developed by the three services in an effort to have a
unified understanding of the TAAF process. This document provides in a single,
concise source document the methods most likely to result in a successful TAAF